10 Best Upright Vacuums | March 2017
- 3-channel suction for deep cleaning
- built-in led headlights
- plastic wheels are rather flimsy
- extension hose is included
- nimble and easy to maneuver
- canister requires emptying often
- includes mini motorized pet brush
- advanced swivel steering technology
- it's a bit on the heavy side
- washable hepa filter
- ergonomically-designed handle
- thermal reset switch
- 102 miles per hour of airflow
- long-lasting endurolife belt
- lies flat for under-furniture use
- radial root cyclone technology
- comes with an instant release wand
- rigorously tested for suction power
- charcoal filter neutralizes odors
- rotary dial control
- four power settings
Who Invented the Vacuum Cleaner?
The earliest incarnation of what we know of as the vacuum cleaner took the form of manual brooms and carpet beaters. It wasn't until 1876 when Melville R. Bissell invented a carpet sweeper, after he grew tired of constantly cleaning sawdust off the carpet in his crockery shop. Soon enough, his friends started asking where they could get their hands on such a device, and a new business was created. Bissell died several years later, and the business was taken over by the first female CEO in America, his wife.
In 1901, Hubert Cecil Booth invented a gasoline-powered vacuum system that pulled dirt out of carpets (there was one that blew dirt off of them and he improved it.) His vacuum system was so big that it was paraded around town by horses.
The modern electric, portable vacuum as we know it was invented in 1907 by an asthmatic janitor from Ohio named James Murray Spanger. Tired of coughing and wheezing, he came up with a system that ran on electricity, but didn't have the capital to market or produce such an idea. His cousin, William Hoover, looking to divest from the saddle industry, invested in (and eventually became president of) Spanger's Electric Suction Sweeper Company, now popularly known as the Hoover Company.
Very little has changed in the principle of the vacuum cleaner since then. The biggest difference is in the amount of suction, airflow, and filtration the devices now offer and the methods by which they accommodate such features.
So How Does an Upright Vacuum Work, Anyways?
Vacuums work by lowering the pressure around the fan so the air outside of the machine rushes in to fill the space. The friction caused by moving air pulls all the dirt and debris inside the machine, while the device's rotary brush moves it into the intake of the vacuum itself.
Airflow and suction are two distinct concepts when it comes to vacuum cleaner operation. Suction is defined as the *flow of a gas or liquid into an area of low pressure, whereas airflow is the amount of movement of air around the vacuum's intake into the machine, both of which are needed.
Although HEPA filters may be stated as overkill by some, the National Library of Medicine recommends them for people with asthma. The Nemours Foundation recommends them for families of children with allergies.
Does a Fancy Cyclonic Vacuum Work Differently?
The first bagless vacuum was invented by James Dyson in the 1980s. Dyson vacuums make use of cyclonic centrifuge chambers that work by pushing the air around the chambers through many different cones, leveraging Bernoulli's principle to increase air velocity until the dust is thrown against the sides of the chamber where it falls to the sides and is finally collected. The clean air then comes out of the top of the cone.
This method has been applied to industrial dust separation efforts before, which you've probably seen if you've done any country driving. Dyson isn't even the first to create a cyclone vacuum cleaner. He is, however, the first to create a small, bagless vacuum.