The 6 Best Cellos
- beautiful natural color
- case has adjustable straps
- accessories are fragile
|Rating||4.4 / 5.0|
- perfect for students on a budget
- spruce top prevents cracks
- pegs tend to come loose periodically
|Rating||4.1 / 5.0|
- attractive ebony fittings
- gorgeous hand carving
- great for a variety of skill levels
|Rating||4.0 / 5.0|
- bow made with genuine horsehair
- sheet music pocket
- easy to assemble
|Rating||4.6 / 5.0|
- great packaging
- lovely reddish brown hue
- high quality bow
|Brand||D Z Strad|
|Rating||4.7 / 5.0|
- features swiss-style pegs
- deep and warm sound
- elegant wooden finish
|Rating||4.9 / 5.0|
How A Cello Makes Its Sound
A sound is created by vibrations that your inner ear structure translates into different tones. These vibrations either move through air or water (usually air, in the case of instruments) and make oscillating sound waves. The frequency of the sound wave alters how it sounds. In a Cello, the vibrations occur on the strings and are usually made from either chromium, aluminum, titanium or a combination of each. As the cello player plucks their strings, they send vibrations across them. Depending on the thickness of the string, it may vibrate quicker or slower, resulting in different pitches from very high, to very deep.
One can think of this process like pulling a rubber band taught and flicking their finger against it; the thicker rubber bands make drastically different sounds than the thin ones. If you watch a cellist, you'll notice that they sometimes press their strings against the fingerboard. By doing this, they shorten the part of the string that is still elevated so that it cannot vibrate as much, and creates a deeper sound. While a cello may not have the largest range of the orchestral family, between its four strings, and countless places the cellist can press down on them, it can create a variety of sounds.
Besides high or low pitches, there is the matter of longer or shorter notes. A cellist can produce extremely short, millisecond sounds or they can draw a note out for several minutes. They achieve the shorter sounds by plucking the strings with their fingers, which is a playing technique called pizzicato. Cellists create longer notes by using their bow. Since a bow can continually vibrate a string for as long as its fibers move across it, it's capable of engaging it far longer than the human finger can.
What To Look For In A Cello
Choosing a cello is a bit more complex than selecting other types of instruments because one must take their full arm, body and leg lengths into account. That is why student cellos are usually made from cheaper materials like maple; the player will outgrow their instrument in a few years and doesn't want to spend too much money on it. Adult players can invest in more high-end cellos made from ebony, which is the standard wood used in performance-level cellos because it is very smooth to the touch, looks elegant, and is wear-resistant.
If you're buying your first cello, consult someone who is fully knowledgeable on the measurements of the instrument. There's much more to consider besides the height of the instrument; one must also think about the widths of the bouts and the neck shape. Each of these components affects how comfortable the cellist is. The cellists' body interacts with their instrument a lot so it's important to be completely content with the feel of their instrument. Otherwise, they will be distracted and won't focus on their music.
Once you've found the best cello for your playing level and comfort, there are a few other details to look for. Make sure you get a sturdy case for your instrument. Look for an exterior that is very hard so it won't dent if you drop it, and an interior that has injection-molded foam to hug your cello, ensuring it doesn't shift during travel. Then, of course, there is the bow which has its own important criteria to look for.
The History Of The Cello
The cello is a part of the violin family, which is why one of the first versions was called the violoncello. In Italian, that translates to the "big little violin." The instrument came out in the mid 16th century, and one of its first famous builders was Andrea Amati. Amati made cellos for the King of France, Charles IX. Composers didn't begin writing music specifically for the cello for several decades after its creation. Until then, cellists would simply play music written for the violin, but in a lower octave.
The cello wasn't a star instrument until the late 1600s when wire wrapped strings came to be. Before then, the cello was mostly used as harmonic or bass accompaniment. Johann Sebastian Bach is credited with making the cello very popular, with his six suites written specifically for the instrument. But before Bach took an interest in the cello, composers Giovanni Battista Degli Antonii and Domenico Gabrielli were writing music for it.
Cello players haven't always had the luxury of standing their instrument upon the ground via a small peg. Early cellists, like those of the Baroque era, would have to hold this massive instrument between their calves. It's even believed that some early cellists held the instrument over their shoulders.