The 7 Best Lightweight Wheelchairs
7. Drive Medical Viper Plus GT
- tool-free adjustable foot rests
- urethane rear tires
- rather overpriced option
|Rating||4.2 / 5.0|
6. HomCom Foldable
- scratch resistant frame
- dual side brakes
- some assembly required
|Rating||4.4 / 5.0|
5. Healthline Trading
- precision sealed wheel bearings
- carbon steel frame
- more wobbly than other chairs
|Rating||4.4 / 5.0|
4. Medline K4 Basic
- comfortable elevating footrest
- durable nylon upholstery
- not great on uneven terrain
|Rating||4.2 / 5.0|
3. Invacare Tracer EX2
- accommodates plush cushions
- dual axle positions
- full length removable arms
|Rating||4.9 / 5.0|
2. Giantex Foldable
- weighs less than forty pounds
- good for transport service
- carrying pocket on back
|Rating||4.9 / 5.0|
1. New Karman S-Ergo 305
- adjustable seat width
- contoured arm pads
- excellent reviews from users
|Rating||4.8 / 5.0|
History Of The Wheelchair
It is not known exactly when the first wheelchair came to be, but the concept is believed to have been around since ancient times. Archeologist found a stone slate in China that dates to somewhere between the 5th and 6th century B.C.E. that has inscriptions of wheeled furniture. There is also an image of a child's bed with wheels depicted in frieze on a Greek vase from the same time period. Three centuries later, the Chinese are known to have transported people using wheelbarrows, though they weren't specifically created for this purpose. Instead, they used the same wheelbarrows as were used for transporting heavy objects. Based on findings in Chinese art, it can be deduced that some time in the 6th century C.E., wheeled chairs purpose-built for transporting humans were created.
These early wheelchairs were not, however, intended solely for the transportation of disabled people. It is believed they may also have been used by the upper class as a means of effort-free travel. The first known wheelchair created for the disabled was invented in 1595. It was named the invalid's chair and was made for King Phillip II of Spain, who suffered from severe gout late in life. Just like the models of today, it featured a platform for his legs. Unlike models of today, it could not be self-propelled. It required the assistance of another person to push it.
The first self-propelled wheelchair was invented in 1655 by Stephen Farfler, a paraplegic watchmaker. It more closely resembled an adult tricycle than what we normally picture as a wheelchair. It had three large wheels, two in the rear and one in the front, and a hand-operated cranking system. In the latter half of the 18th century, the Bath chair was created by John Dawson. It was so named, not because it was intended to be used in a bathtub, but rather because it was created in the town of Bath, England. As with the Farfler wheelchair, it was a three-wheel model, though later on four-wheeled models were created that could be drawn by horses and donkeys.
Between 1865 and 1900 wheelchairs began to take on a form akin to what is found today. Large rear push wheels and small front casters replaced older designs. Models with hollow rubber wheels and metal rims started to appear, and the pushrim was added for easier self-propulsion.
Wheelchairs continued to evolve, with the first motorized model invented in London in 1916 — though it never became commercially viable — and the first lightweight, collapsible model in 1932. In 1953 George Klein created a motorized electric wheelchair that would go on to become the first mass produced version. It was manufactured and marketed by Everest & Jennings, a company that provided disabled veterans of World War II with free wheelchairs.
What To Consider When Choosing A Lightweight Wheelchair
It is important to take the needs and physical ability of the user into account when choosing a lightweight wheelchair. Those who have less upper body strength will require the lightest weight model possible. The same can be said for individuals who often self-propel for many miles at a time. These will usually be made from aluminum or titanium. Models are available in both materials that can weigh as little as 20 pounds.
If the wheelchair will be used in a nursing home or hospital, then it is important to take adjustability into account. The more adjustable the different components of a chair, like the seat and arm rest height, braces, and back support, the wider the range of individuals that can comfortably use it. Models intended for use in public facilities should also have a high weight capacity.
Comfort should also be a deciding factor when determining the best wheelchair for a user. Features like width and padding of the arm rest, material make-up, and seat cushioning can play a huge factor in how comfortable, or uncomfortable, a particular model is. Ideally, one should choose a model that has a breathable seat and back material. Padded calf rests can also greatly enhance comfort.
Next, one should determine if they need a foldable or rigid model. Rigid models will often feel more stable and sturdy, but they are also more difficult to transport. Some rigid models may have backrests that fold down to make transporting them slightly easier, but they will still require a large vehicle, like a van or SUV. Folding models are ideal for those who have a smaller vehicle, yet still want to be able to come and go as they please. Most folding models can collapse small enough to fit into a trunk or backseat, and can be stored away in a closet when not in use. The trade-off is that folding models may have smaller front wheels, feel slightly less stable, and not handle difficult terrain as well.
Benefits Of Lightweight Wheelchairs
No matter what type of model you choose, the benefits of lightweight wheelchairs are clear for both the user and aides. The less a wheelchair weighs, the easier it will be to push. This can result in significantly less fatigue when traveling for long distances. Since the main purpose of a wheelchair is to give the user more mobility, having a lightweight model greatly enhances the effectiveness of the chair's essential use.
Lightweight wheelchairs also tend to be more responsive. It is easier for users to adjust their path as needed or maneuver around obstacles as opposed to struggling with heavy models. This makes them ideal for active users who still like to play sports, despite their disability. For these types of users, titanium models are a good choice, as they still tend to feel very stable and offer better shock absorption than aluminum wheelchairs. In addition to increased maneuverability, lightweight models build up less momentum, allowing users to stop quickly in case of an emergency, making them safer.
As one might expect, lightweight models are easier to pick up. This makes carrying them up or down stairs or putting them into a car trunk less difficult and cumbersome. This can be a Godsend for an aide or family member who often has to carry the chair between different floors of a home or pack it into a vehicle for travel.