The 10 Best Trickle Chargers
10. Aurelio Tech Transportable Charger
- simple and compact design
- automatic float mode
- plug-in wire is short
|Rating||4.1 / 5.0|
9. Schumacher MC-1
- features reverse hook-up protection
- includes optional 50 amp clamps
- cannot send to oregon or california
|Rating||4.0 / 5.0|
8. Black and Decker Charger/Maintainer
- built-in mounting bracket
- includes vehicle dc plug
- reviewers say switch is weak
|Rating||3.7 / 5.0|
7. Genius UltraSafe Smart Charger
- portable and lightweight design
- uv and water-resistant
- spark-proof technology
|Rating||3.8 / 5.0|
6. Battery Tender Junior
- includes a 12-foot output cord
- backed by 5-year warranty
- good for agm and gel cells
|Rating||4.2 / 5.0|
5. Diehard Automatic
- 10 amp fast charge mode
- rustproof casing
- easy-to-read color meter
|Rating||4.0 / 5.0|
4. Black & Decker Waterproof
- compliant with cec standards
- three types of connectors
- backed by one-year warranty
|Rating||4.3 / 5.0|
3. Stanley 25 Amp High Frequency Bench
- 40 percent faster than average units
- lcd screen issues problem alerts
- 75 amp engine start option
|Rating||4.9 / 5.0|
2. Schumacher 12 amp SpeedCharge
- sturdy built-in handle
- capable of slow and rapid charging
- includes 6-foot cord
|Rating||4.8 / 5.0|
1. Battery Tender Plus
- first of its kind in the industry
- one-and-a-quarter amp output
- backed by 10-year warranty
|Rating||5.0 / 5.0|
What Is A Trickle Charger?
Whether you own a car, a motorcycle, an ATV, or a boat, at one point or another you've likely been faced with the conundrum of a dead or depleted battery. And you probably dealt with it the way most people do, by jump-starting it or hooking it up to a car battery charger. But there's a better solution, especially when it comes to caring for those smaller, more sensitive recreational vehicles: use a trickle charger.
Simply put, a trickle charger is a battery charger that consistently emits a very low amperage. Most trickle chargers consist of a simple plastic or metal box in which the wires and main electrical components reside, a power cable, and two alligator clips. Also known as battery maintainers, these devices are designed to connect to a battery for a long period of time, slowly bringing it back up to health without overcharging. Some can be left on indefinitely, preventing the battery from losing charge and naturally depleting itself during storage or in between uses.
A trickle charger, then, is not a regular automotive battery charger, which is capable of recharging a drained battery in just minutes. Whereas most trickle chargers put out between one and three amps, car battery chargers can pump up to 50 amps in charge mode. Some also have jump-start functions, which can produce upwards of 200 amps in order to turn over a motor.
Of course, trickle chargers and automotive chargers aren't mutually exclusive — some products out there will do the work of both, incorporating low amp outputs and jump-start functions for all sorts of scenarios.
Why Use A Trickle Charger?
As previously noted, trickle chargers emit a low amperage to slowly charge a battery over a long period of time. To use a somewhat stale metaphor, if traditional car chargers are like the hare in Aesop's Fable, trickle chargers are the tortoise — slow and steady wins the race.
To see why this method can be beneficial when it comes to charging your battery, it's useful to understand a little about the science of batteries themselves. Conventional lead-acid batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy through a series of lead plates submerged in an electrolyte solution of sulfuric acid: when charging or discharging, ions, or atoms with a positive or negative charge, react with the electrolyte and the electrodes to create electrons, which transfer through an external circuit to create an electrical current.
As the battery discharges, these parts undergo chemical changes — the acid degrades into water, and the lead plates become coated with lead sulfate, which eventually causes the battery to go dead. Battery chargers reverse this process, turning the lead sulfate back into lead, and releasing the electrolyte back into the solution and making it more acidic. But doing it too fast can have costs: excess amperage can generate lots of heat, which can result in dangerous and harmful out-gassing. You're also more likely to overcharge your battery with a regular battery charger, which can result in further damage.
Trickle chargers avoid some of these negative effects, primarily by slowing down the process and reducing the chances of overheating and overcharging. That makes them especially handy for use on smaller capacity batteries, such as those on motorcycles and ATVs, for which automotive chargers can be too powerful. They're also great when you have a battery that might not be getting regular use, such as those on boats or vintage cars, since the low current will help keep its charge stable as the battery self-discharges overtime.
Whatever kind of battery you use it on, a trickle charger can help keep your battery healthy and ensure you get the most out of its life cycle.
Types Of Trickle Chargers
Deciding a trickle charger is right for you is actually only the first step toward finding and ultimately investing in one. That's because trickle chargers don't come in one standard form — there is a range of types out there, all differing from one another in terms of power and features.
Manual trickle chargers are among the most affordable options on the market, and also offer the user a degree of control over the charging process. They're ideal for those instances when you need to restore a dead battery to full health, since they'll provide a slow current that won't cause overheating. Just remember to take the device off the battery once fully charged, since these models don't have any automatic shutoff functionality and could damage the battery if left on too long.
Automatic and smart chargers are a little more high-tech, incorporating float or auto shut-off modes to keep the device from overcharging the battery. These are useful when you have to maintain the charge of a battery in storage, since they're able to monitor and adjust their current based on the battery's power level — all you have to do is plug it in and let it do the work for you.
There are also models that combine both of the aforementioned functions, capable of both bringing a battery to full charge and also maintaining it over a long winter. Many battery tenders embody this kind of hybridization, featuring multi-step charging programs that will quickly revive a battery and then float it for an indefinite period of time. For that user whose garage is home to more than one type of vehicle, this may be the best option.