8 Best Reading Glasses | March 2017
- spring hinge for comfortable fit
- lightweight plastic frame
- magnification ratings often innaccurate
|Brand||Gamma Ray Optics|
- protective case comes included
- impact resistant lenses
- arms tend to loosen over time
|Brand||Vision World Eyewear|
- timeless frame design
- sun readers included
- great value for 5 pairs of glasses
- cloth pouch doubles as a lens cleaner
- comes with mini screwdriver
- case has magnetic closure
- can be fitted for most prescriptions
- available in several sizes
- ergonomic and comfortable
Up Close and Clear: Getting Reading Glasses
If you regularly find yourself pointing at the wine list when attempting to order desert or squinting to make out the print on the page of a book, the screen of your phone or computer, or the ingredient list on the back of a snack in consideration, it may be time to accept the fact that you need reading glasses.
The technical name for the condition afflicting most people who need reading glasses is hyperopia, but the more common term is farsightedness. People who are farsighted can see objects at a distance with relative clarity but have trouble focusing on that which is within arm's reach or closer. In fact, though, calling many people farsighted is to use a misnomer, for many people unable to see objects up close are also afflicted with poor distance vision. Fortunately, objects both near and far can easily be brought into focus using surgery, contact lenses, or simply a fine pair (or two) of glasses. (For reference, the opposite condition, wherein one can see objects clearly up close but has blurred distance vision, is called nearsightedness or myopia.)
Reading glasses are, as a general rule, very inexpensive. They are also often rather poorly treated by their owners, being thrust into a purse or pocket whenever they're not on one's face; thus the popularity of brands that sell glasses in multi pack sets. If you are likely to join the ranks of the rather careless reading glasses owner, get multiple cheap pairs at once and distribute them about your home, office, and car. You will find options that can be had for less than four dollars per pair when ordered in bulk.
On the other hand, if you can be trusted to take good care of your glasses, it may behoove you to invest in a more expensive and, often enough, more stylish pair. Look for features like folding frames that allow you to tuck your glasses away in a breast pocket or a magnetic nose bridge that makes for quick and easy donning or removal.
A Common Cause of Eyesight Degeneration
As a human ages, quite often his or her eyesight will grow progressively poorer. This is most often caused by presbyopia, a common condition that is quite simply the result of the eye aging along with the rest of the body. While many vision issues are caused by a weakening of the muscles that focus the eye, presbyopia is a result of the hardening of an eye's lens. As a person ages and their lenses become less and less flexible, the light passing through the lens is concentrated less on the retina and instead is often directed behind the retina (which is the light-sensitive layer of the eye responsible for actually perceiving images of the world around us).
The word "presbyopia" is derived from the Greek words for "old" and "vision." But indeed this condition begins to afflict many people well before they are anywhere near to old age. Even people only in their 30s and 40s often experience a lack of clear vision brought on by hardening lenses.
Fortunately, the condition is also one of easiest to alleviate, with basic reading glasses usually all that is required to compensate for the degeneration. Do keep in mind that inexpensive reading glasses cannot compensate for certain afflictions such as astigmatism or severely impaired vision. Most have a strength rating somewhere between 0.75 - 3.5 diopters, and any needed correction greater than that will almost surely require a visit to an optometrist and a prescription.
Even if you feel that "off the shelf" reading glasses may be sufficient for your vision needs, it is still a good idea to visit a respected optometrist or ophthalmologist to have your eye health checked and your vision tested, especially if you have only recently found yourself in need of vision correction. (In rare cases, a reduction in a person's visual acuity can be symptomatic of a larger underlying issue; a checkup can help ensure this is not the case and simply make sure you get the right strength of lens, whether through prescription of not.)
A Look at the History of Reading Glasses
When one thinks of historical reading glasses, the first figure that comes to mind will likely be Benjamin Franklin. Many images show the famed founding father huddled over a book or a sheaf of papers peering through his iconic round spectacles. Indeed Franklin not only wore glasses, but even improved their design: ever the tinkering inventor, Franklin is credited as being the inventor of the bifocal lens, or glasses that can be worn both for enhancing distance and close-up vision.
But while Franklin is perhaps the most famous gentleman to have worked on the improvement of reading glasses, he was far from the first person to develop the technology. In fact, we have irrefutable evidence that people were wearing glasses to aid their close-up vision dating back to the mid-1300s as evidenced both by writings and by artwork clearly depicting individuals wearing spectacles. The use of convex lenses to aid in visual clarity likely predates even these Medieval references by several centuries; a lens is mentioned in a work called the Book of Optics written by the early Medieval Muslim scholar Ibn al-Haytham in or about the year 1021.
While early details are blurry, by the 15th century, eyeglasses were commonly seen in Europe, in India, and all the way across the vast Chinese Empire, as well. By the 1800s, glasses were more effective than ever, but had also come to be seen in many circles as a sign of old age and/or infirmity. Such vanity led to the brief popularity of scissor spectacles and lorgnettes, both of which consisted of a pair of lenses held to the eyes by a handle as needed, but not worn on the face.
In the 1900s, glasses would finally come to be seen not merely as necessities, but also as fashionable accessories. Soon many of the most famous names in the fashion design industry, including Armani, Ralph Lauren, and Burberry counted glasses -- often referred to as eyewear in the modern era -- as some of the finest products they sold.