6 Best Smoke Alarms | April 2017

6 Best Smoke Alarms | April 2017
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We spent 32 hours on research, videography, and editing, to review the top options for this wiki. Nothing is more precious than your family. And nothing is more expensive than your home. Protect them both with one of these smoke alarms, some of which also monitor for deadly carbon monoxide levels, too, and offer Wi-Fi connectivity that lets you monitor and control them remotely from anywhere in the world. Skip to the best smoke alarm on Amazon.
The First Alert BRK 7010B is an economical choice, at less than $20, and works via a photoelectric sensor. It is inter-connectable with BRK and First Alert hardwired smoke and carbon monoxide alarms for complete home-wide coverage.
  • latching alarm indicator
  • single test-silence button
  • no ionization detection
Brand BRK Brands
Model 7010B
Weight 9.6 ounces
Rating 4.2 / 5.0
The Kidde KN-COPE-I emits a beeping tone followed by a voice warning that alerts you to whether it detected smoke or carbon monoxide. It also has a front-loading battery door that is easy to access when it's time to change the batteries.
  • has both heat and photo sensors
  • backed by 7-year warranty
  • does not include mounting hardware
Brand Kidde
Model 21007624
Weight 12 ounces
Rating 4.1 / 5.0
The First Alert BRK 3120B is a hardwired smoke alarm that also has a backup battery. It features dual photoelectric and ionization smoke sensing technologies, making it efficient at detecting small, smoldering fires, and its alarm is very loud, at 85 dB.
  • can silence low battery chirp
  • quick-connect wiring harness
  • power source indicator lights
Brand First Alert
Model 3120FF
Weight 15.2 ounces
Rating 4.0 / 5.0
The Leeo Smart Alert works with your existing smoke alarms and alerts you via your Android or iOS device if one is triggered. It can be set up to call friends or family if you don't respond within a certain time period, and also provides local emergency services numbers.
  • doubles as a nightlight
  • 16 million light color options
  • takes two minutes to set up
Brand Leeo
Weight 8.8 ounces
Rating 4.7 / 5.0
The Kidde KN-COSM-BA is a standalone voice warning system that indicates three separate issues; fire, carbon monoxide concentration, and a low battery. The talking feature eliminates guesswork and confusion when seconds count. It also features a smart hush button.
  • front load battery door
  • neutral white finish
  • contains a test-reset button
Brand Kidde
Model 21026043
Weight 1.2 pounds
Rating 4.8 / 5.0
The battery powered Nest Protect 2nd Generation keeps you abreast of what's happening in your home no matter where you are. It connects to your home Wi-Fi, and will send alerts directly to your phone if it detects smoke or carbon monoxide.
  • can also send low battery alerts
  • tells where the problem is located
  • can turn off the alarm remotely
Brand Nest
Model S3000BWES
Weight 1.4 pounds
Rating 4.6 / 5.0

Buyer's Guide

Two Ways To See The Smoke

The image you're looking at is a rough peek at the layout inside of an ionization smoke detector. These, along with photoelectric smoke detectors are your best bets for detecting a fire in your home, but each one has its advantage over the other.

In the ionizing smoke detector, you're installing a small radioactive device in your home. But don't worry; your pregnant cat isn't about to give birth to a three headed kitten who speaks Spanish. It's not that kind of radiation.

Within the housing of an ionizing smoke detector is a small amount of Americium-241, a radioactive isotope that emits alpha particles throughout a plastic chamber.

The good news here as far as your safety goes is that alpha particles are pretty weak, too weak, in fact, to penetrate the plastic of the chamber, and weaker still when exposed to a large area. You'd have to break open the chamber and rub the Americuim-241 all over your eyeballs to get a negative effect.

Anyway, as the material decays its alpha particles ionize the oxygen and nitrogen in the air, the resulting positively charged atoms and negatively charged electrons of which are drawn to two leads in the compartment, each of which is charged either negatively or positively.

That creates a nice little current. When smoke, or steam, or excessive heat enters the chamber, it interferes with the ionization process, reducing the current, which sets off the alarm. That makes ionization smoke detectors ideal for detecting flash fires, kitchen fires, and any other fire that produces a lot of heat, without necessarily producing a lot of smoke.

Photoelectric sensors, on the other hand, require no radioactive materials. While that doesn't make a real difference in their safety considering the relative safety of Americium-241, it does mean that they don't require any special disposal the way ionizers do.

Instead of relying on ionization, photoelectric smoke detectors use LEDs to send a beam of light across the top of a T-shaped tube. At the bottom of the T is a photo cell that detects the base amount of light leaking down the stem of the T.

When smoke enters that chamber, its particles reflect a lot more light down the stem and onto the photo cell. That increase in light hitting the sensor sets off the alarm.

A design like this makes a photoelectric smoke detector ideal for picking up slow smoldering fires like the ones started by cigarettes or the one burning inside you whenever you think of your in-laws.

Fire In The Hole!

So, you know how each of the two types of smoke alarms works, but that might not yet have cleared up the burning question: which kind should you buy?

I'll make it easy for you. You actually need both.

I'm not saying that you absolutely have to have both kinds of smoke detectors at every detection point in your home, although that would be the safest way to set them up.

At the very least, take a look around your home to evaluate the different types of fires that are likely to spark up in each, and determine the best kind of alarm for that area.

Since ionization smoke detectors are best suited for picking up big, flashy fires, the kitchen seems like an obvious choice for one of those. Electrical fires can get high and hot very fast as well, especially if they start in a wall with flammable insulation, so anywhere that you're challenging the electrical load of a circuit (by your entertainment center, for example) would be a good place for an ionizer.

You'll want to place your photoelectric sensors anywhere a smoldering fire would take place, as well as anywhere people might be sleeping. Since the majority of fire-related deaths result from smoke inhalation, the extra time it'd take for an ionization detector to wake you up during a slow, smokey, smoldering fire might cost you your life.

The One Time Smoking Saved Lives

The story goes that a Swiss physicist named Walter Jaeger was working hard on a device that could detect poisonous gasses.

This was back in the late 1930s, after gaseous chemical warfare had been unleashed in WWI.

His idea was simple: he thought that gas particles would disrupt the ionization process of a radioactive isotope in an airy chamber, altering the current of two leads. Sound familiar?

Well, as his experiments failed to produce an alarm, Jaeger sat down and sadly lit a cigarette. You can guess what happened next. The alarm went off, and Mr. Jaeger realized that he had accidentally invented the modern smoke detector.

The early 70s saw both the commercialization of the ionization smoke detector and the introduction of the first optical photoelectric smoke detectors, both of which dominate the market to this day.

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Last updated on April 28 2017 by Brett Dvoretz

A wandering writer who spends as much time on the road as behind the computer screen, Brett can either be found hacking furiously away at the keyboard or perhaps enjoying a whiskey and coke on some exotic beach, sometimes both simultaneously, usually with a four-legged companion by his side. He hopes to one day become a modern day renaissance man.