The 9 Best Vintage Turntables
Still Turning: The Timeless Turntable
Simply put, when most people choose a turntable, they choose an item they want to show off.
Finally, simply choose the unit that suits your technical and size considerations while still looking great.
Recent history confirms the old idiom that, given enough time, "everything old is new again." Take for example the resurgence of print book sales over the past several years, which had previously faced a decline and even some assumed extinction after the birth of the e-book.
Another ostensibly atavistic device that has enjoyed a recent return to popularity is the vintage turntable. Also simply called a record player, a turntable graced the living space of millions of homes throughout many decades of the 1900s. Records were largely supplanted by audio cassette tapes in the 1970s, which were in turn surpassed by compact discs in the later years of the 20th century. CDs saw their crown taken by digital music (usually in the format of the MP3) around the recent turn of the century. While cassette tapes and compact discs are unlikely to make a dramatic comeback to popularity, the record and its accompanying turntable certainly have.
The reasons for this are several, but the inherent attractiveness of a turntable -- and even of a record itself -- cannot be denied. While cassettes and CDs could be played by devices small enough to fit in a purse (and while digital music can be played using a device that tucks into a change pocket), turntables are by their very nature larger devices, as they must accommodate broad, flat records. Most turntables -- modern units made to resemble vintage options included -- are designed with aesthetics own mind, approximating the look of a piece of decor while serving as a functional device.
Simply put, when most people choose a turntable, they choose an item they want to show off. We perch our record players prominently in our homes, proud to have them seen and heard. Fortunately, advances in technology have allowed many modern turntables to be relatively compact without sacrificing the elegant stylings for which record players have always been prized.
When choosing a record player, you should first see it as a device to play music, of course. So consider the sonic features you want, such as a built-in radio, the ability to output to external speakers, the ability to accept inputs from a computer or digital music device, and the control features (knobs and switches or an LCD screen and buttons, e.g.). Once you have established a checklist of features you want your vintage-style turntable to possess, consider the space in which it will sit in the home (and whether or not portability is a factor), as that will help further refine your search. Finally, simply choose the unit that suits your technical and size considerations while still looking great.
How Carved Discs Make Sweet Sounds
The same principles at work in a "modern" turntable have been understood for more than 150 years, yet many audiophiles still insist that the record is the best way to enjoy music. As for how a record player works, it is all a matter of controlled vibration.
Sound is imprinted on a record using a specialized cutting machine that carves minute formations -- essentially divots, bumps, and valleys -- into a record as it revolves. These formations are created in response the frequencies, or sound waves that are projected into and through the cutting machine during the recording process.
These formations are created in response the frequencies, or sound waves that are projected into and through the cutting machine during the recording process.
When a record is placed on a turntable, the process will be effectively reversed in order to create sound. As the record spins, the needle set into the stylus and bearing down on the disc rises and falls as it encounters the formations carved into the surface (they are far too small to be appreciated with the naked eye). The minute motions of the stylus are transferred to a magnet that is wrapped in coiled wiring. When this wiring experiences the proper electrical current, it transfers the vibrations to an attached (or linked) amplifier, which then projects the electrical energy in vibrations we hear once again as sound waves.
Stereophonic sound -- when sound is produced from one device along at least two distinct audio channels, these being Left and Right in their simplest form -- is created by a record player when the needle encounters formations that maneuver it both up and down and from side to side. While records can produce rich stereo music, by the nature of their design, they cannot produce any more channels of audio, thus presenting at least one aspect in which digital music recording does surpass older technology.
The History of the Turntable
The first noted mention of technology approximating that found in a turntable came in 1852. In that year, the word phonograph appeared in a New York Times advertisement, though it was in reference to a course related to the study of sonic technology, not referring to an actual device.
Simple devices that could record the vibrations made by sounds were developed in the later 1850s, but they did not offer the ability to play back the sounds responsible for the logged patterns.
The first flat, disc-shaped records were introduced in the late 1880s, but would not dominate the audio marketplace until another two decades had passed.
The word phonograph, which is derivative of two Greek terms, phono and graph, which together essentially mean "sound writing," would first be applied to an actual device in the year 1877. In that year, Thomas Edison revealed the first working device that could both record and play back sounds. The phonograph used a cylinder wrapped in tinfoil as the medium for recording sound, and the resulting recordings were rather unclear and easily damaged or destroyed.
Primitive as the early hand-cranked phonographs look in comparison to modern options, the same basics of the technology that carved grooves into a little cylinder would come to be used in record players popular throughout the 1900s and into the present. The first flat, disc-shaped records were introduced in the late 1880s, but would not dominate the audio marketplace until another two decades had passed.
By the mid-1920s, the cylinder was finally fully surpassed by the disc-shaped record once and for all; from then on, the record player would be refined and enhanced, but would retain its essential shape and function.