The 10 Best Phono Preamps

Updated June 19, 2018 by Daniel Imperiale

Best High-End
Best Mid-Range
Best Inexpensive
With vinyl enjoying a resurgence in popularity, those of you with a significant collection may be looking to buy one of these phone preamps to boost your record player signal up to line level. We've included models suitable for moving magnet and magnetic coil cartridges, so even gigging DJs will find a good selection here. When users buy our independently chosen editorial picks, we may earn commissions to support our work. Skip to the best phono preamp on Amazon.

10. Tec Turntable 750LC

For listeners who run their turntables into powered speakers without a receiver, the Tec Turntable 750LC comes with an RCA/AUX channel and the necessary RCA-to-3.5 mm cable to connect other audio devices that already hit a tenable line.
  • input select switch
  • 200pf input impedance
  • some hiss at the highest levels
Brand TEC
Model TC-750BLKstd
Weight 1.3 pounds
Rating 4.1 / 5.0

9. Rega Fono Mini A2D

The Rega Fono Mini A2D can't provide enough of a boost to be compatible with magnetic coil cartridges, but for an MM-only option it delivers a good quality signal in an incredibly small package. It also has a USB out that allows you to backup your vinyl to computer files.
  • simple level dial
  • audio editing program included
  • too fragile for gigging djs
Brand REGA
Model bfe51ad8-df7e-42bc-8956
Weight 1.4 pounds
Rating 4.0 / 5.0

8. TCC TC-780LC Stereo

The TCC TC-780LC Stereo can provide an increase in line level to just about any input device. It has standard RCA ins and outs on the back, as well as a pair of MIDI connections for DJs with underperforming gear. The 3.5mm jack on the front completes the picture.
  • 20-decibel bump
  • low total harmonic distortion
  • volume control is imprecise
Brand Phono Preamps
Model TC-780LC BLACK
Weight 1.5 pounds
Rating 3.9 / 5.0

7. Behringer Microphono PP400

The added 1/4-Inch TRS output on the Behringer Microphono PP400 lets you feed your signal into a variety of amplifiers, even those that might not have an RCA input. There's a little too much hum from both of the outs, though.
  • designed in germany
  • three-year warranty
  • low resolution conversion
Brand Behringer
Model PP400
Weight 12 ounces
Rating 3.9 / 5.0

6. Art Pro DJPre II

Since the Art Pro DJPre II includes both MM and MC cartridge support, it allows you to push the preamp in either direction with an input capacitance button set to 100 or 200 picofarads. Combined with a -10 dB to 8 dB gain trim, you can dial in the line.
  • small footprint
  • included 12v dc adapter
  • power indicator is too bright
Brand ART
Weight 1.9 pounds
Rating 4.9 / 5.0

5. Pro-Ject Box MM

Designed for use with moving magnet cartridges, the Pro-Ject Box MM employs its circuitry to keep unnecessary noise and distortion as far away from your listening experience as possible. It's pretty small, too, measuring in at just over the size of a deck of cards.
  • gold plated contacts
  • simple rca ins and outs
  • not a very bright sound
Brand Pro-Ject
Model Phono Box MM DC Black
Weight 1.2 pounds
Rating 4.4 / 5.0

4. Pro-Ject Audio Box S2

The four adjustable gain levels on the Pro-Ject Audio Box S2 are located on the underside of the unit, which creates a sleeker, more minimalist outward design. This model also boasts audiophile-grade amplification modules that maintain a hi-fidelity signal.
  • impedance and capacitance switches
  • polypropylene capacitors
  • very warm sound stage
Brand Pro-Ject
Weight 1.5 pounds
Rating 4.8 / 5.0

3. Music Fidelity V90-LPS Stage

Rather than offering a single switchable pathway, the Music Fidelity V90-LPS Stage provides you with distinct RCA inputs for signals from moving magnet or magnetic coil cartridges. That separation allows each channel to be optimized for the clearest audio relay.
  • bright green dedicated ground
  • transparent connections
  • strong metal casing
Brand Musical Fidelity
Model V90-LPS
Weight 2 pounds
Rating 4.6 / 5.0

2. Rolls VP29

If you want a simple solution to help you bring your favorite records up to line, the Rolls VP29 may be your best bet. It performs very well for its reasonable price, and it's easy enough for novices to set up with their home stereo.
  • led power confirmation light
  • quarter-inch output option
  • conveniently compact design
Brand rolls
Model VP29
Weight 9.6 ounces
Rating 4.7 / 5.0

1. Emotiva XPS-1

Operating within +/-0.25 dB of the standard RIAA curve, the Emotiva XPS-1 brings your phono signal up to line with unparalleled clarity. It can switch between moving magnet and magnetic coil on the left and right channels, each of which offers four impedance selections.
  • gold-plated connectors
  • high signal to noise ratio
  • great analog sound
Brand Emotiva Audio
Model XPS-1
Weight 13.6 ounces
Rating 4.6 / 5.0

What Does A Phono Preamp Do?

A phono preamp is an important and often overlooked piece of audio equipment. Other names for a phono preamp include a phono stage, RIAA preamp, or turntable preamp. The basic job of the phono preamp is to boost the smallest signals produced by a turntable. These boosted signals can then drive the power amplifier, which in turn drives the speakers. Without the phono preamp, there is not enough power to deliver the correct sound through the speakers.

The phono preamp also applies RIAA curve to the signal. The reason for a need of this special EQ curve is due to the long wavelengths of low frequencies. The grooves these frequencies make are difficult for the needle to play back correctly. Put simply, the RIAA curve boosts high frequencies while reducing low frequencies. The phono preamp then uses an inverse of this curve to balance the track back out. This has two effects. The first is that it makes the grooves for low frequencies much easier to balance. The second is that the process also improves the overall quality of the sound by reducing noises like hissing and ringing. Phono preamps are a requirement for listening to vinyl records on an external sound system.

There are many turntables with built-in speaker systems that have the necessary preamp within them already. It is easy enough to figure out if your model does or does not. If the turntable is connected to the sound system and produces sound at the proper level with no distortion, it more than likely has a built-in phono preamp. Many older amplifiers or sound systems have preamps built in. Any system with an input designated PHONO has a preamp in it. This is very common in receivers or amplifiers made around 1980 or before.Turntables with USB outputs have built-in preamps as well, as they have to convert the input to make it compatible for USB.

Getting The Best Sound From A Phono Preamp

The quality of sound coming from a phono preamp will rely largely on the quality of the other components of the system. For instance, it may be hard to judge the quality of a preamp using low-end speakers. Issues with gain and distortion that are usually blamed on the phono preamp may actually be caused by the speakers themselves. The ideal speakers are neutral, clear, and leave plenty of room for the high resolution of the vinyl sound to shine through. There is no ideal shape or size. Some users favor large floor speakers while others like the freedom of bookshelf speakers.

The turntable's cartridge may be the largest determining factor in the choice of phono preamp. Cartridges are typically either moving magnet (MM) or moving coil (MC). Both cartridges run a needle along the grooves of the LP to create vibration. It is how they do so that differs.

In MM cartridges, sound is translated by attaching a magnet to the top end of the needle. This magnet rests in between two responsive coils. Vibrations in the magnet create currents in the coils, which are then carried to the preamp. MC cartridges work in the opposite way. They have tiny wire coils attached to the needle that vibrate between magnets. This is believed to increase the responsiveness of the needle. The price of this needle agility is a reduction in signal strength. MC cartridges will typically require more gain that MM cartridges to avoid distorting the sound at the end of the signal. Having a phono preamp that easily adjusts to the needs of the user's specific cartridge is vital.

Creating The Ideal Sound From A Turntable

The resurgence of vinyl is caused in part by nostalgia, but has more to do with the modern listener’s desire for a high-quality sound. Vinyl is considered by many to be the epitome of sound quality. Whether or not this is true is cause for another article all together. The fact remains that vinyl is the only format available to consumers that is both analog and lossless.

Analog audio offers users a direct duplication of the original recorded soundwaves. Vinyl records are the classic example, as pressing a recording to vinyl does not change the sound in any way. It comes out just as it was recorded. Cassette tapes are a slightly more modern example. They utilize magnetic recording to permanently adhere sound to the tape inside the cassette. One distinct advantage of cassettes is the ability to erase and re-record. This may also be a disadvantage when compared to vinyl. Where vinyl provides a permanent recording, cassette recordings can fade over time or by coming into contact with magnets.

In the digital world, lossless audio refers to audio compression that does not change the original recording. FLAC or WAV files are good examples of lossless audio, and MP3 files are usually compressed audio files. During compression, the size of the file itself is reduced. This makes it easier to download, share, and store these files, but it does come at a price. Compression usually achieves this size reduction by eliminating wavelengths that should be well outside the normal range of the human ear. This usually results in a large chunk of the file being removed. Theoretically, lossless compression manages to reduce the file size of the original recording without removing any minute details from the sound. Provided that high quality speakers and amplifiers are used, the listener would technically be hearing audio just as it was recorded.

Vinyl on the other hand requires no additional processes to produce lossless audio. A turntable using accurate needles, coupled with a high quality phono preamp and clear speakers, will produce audio exactly as it was recorded. Vinyl enthusiasts believe this process is much more favorable, as it is not subject to the digital decoding and recoding of the audio file. They feel it gives the audio unrivaled warmth that is missing in all other formats. Much of this debate is subjective, though.

Statistics and Editorial Log

Paid Placements

Recent Update Frequency

help support our research

patreon logoezvid wiki logo small

Last updated on June 19, 2018 by Daniel Imperiale

Daniel is a writer, actor, and director living in Los Angeles, CA. He spent a large portion of his 20s roaming the country in search of new experiences, taking on odd jobs in the strangest places, studying at incredible schools, and making art with empathy and curiosity.

Thanks for reading the fine print. About the Wiki: We don't accept sponsorships, free goods, samples, promotional products, or other benefits from any of the product brands featured on this page, except in cases where those brands are manufactured by the retailer to which we are linking. For our full ranking methodology, please read about us, linked below. The Wiki is a participant in associate programs from Amazon, Walmart, Ebay, Target, and others, and may earn advertising fees when you use our links to these websites. These fees will not increase your purchase price, which will be the same as any direct visitor to the merchant’s website. If you believe that your product should be included in this review, you may contact us, but we cannot guarantee a response, even if you send us flowers.